Suleyman YaziciBasaksehir Cam Sakura City Hospital, Turkey
Title: Use of native Y-saphenous vein graft in multi-vessel coronary bypass surgery
Objective: Demonstration of the advantages of using the natural Y shaped form of saphenous vein graft, which is the most preferred coronary bypass graft after internal thoracic artery (ITA).
Methods: 32 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent coronary bypass grafting (CABG) with 3 or more distal anastomoses between January 2014 and January 2018 were included in the study. The natural Y saphenous vein grafts were used in these operations beside of LİMA-LAD anastomosis. Patients have been evaluated in terms of early and short-term survival, early cardiac events, the need for reoperation, and the need for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). All patients were followed up directly by outpatient examination or telephone consultation.
Results: New cardiac events, reoperation and death were not seen in the early postoperative period. Coronary angiography performed in 3 patients due to angina in the second and third years revealed that all anastomoses of y-saphenous grafts were open. No mortality was observed in the patients who were followed remotely. The duration of operation and the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass resulted in a reduction in the number of proximal anastomoses and the time by about 10 to 15 minutes. The incision in the saphenous leg was about 10 cm shorter for each anastomosis.
Conclusion: The natural shaped Y saphenous vein can be used safely in multi vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) patients for reducing the surgical trauma.
To be updated